Spanish conquistadors called it the "Northern Mystery". Scouts of the Western Expansion called it "the big empty". But it was John C. Frémont's expedition of 1843 that finally gave this place its name: The Great Basin.
Much like caving, the spirit of discovery runs deep in Nevada. It is in our DNA. This territory was founded by miners searching for silver and gold, and by settlers searching for freedom and solitude. They are the soul of Nevada. Discovery is part of our history and heritage... and the same can be said for all cavers.
This magnificent land is both our destination and our passion for the 75th anniversary of the National Speleological Society.
Great Basin National Park
This state was made for wanderers and wonderers. From expansive wilderness areas to the busy hustle of our old-west casinos, Nevada offers transformational experiences unlike any other state - both above ground and below it.
To be sure, this is a very dry place. Water in the Great Basin is a scarce commodity. At 6,400 feet above sea level, Ely sits in the rain shadow of the Sierra Nevada mountains. We call this place a desert because of the extremes in precipitation, not because of the temperature. Most people are surprised to learn that, only 35 miles from Ely, they can still visit a glacier.
It may be difficult to imagine how this temperate semi-arid environment could give rise to extensive cave development, but during the Paleozoic Era, this was beach-front property. There are no ocean waves here anymore. There's scarcely any water. But from your airplane window at 30,000 feet, you can almost imagine the deep valleys and high ridges washing across the land leaving a swath of naked geology in their wake.
Nevada is the most mineral-rich state in the nation. Over a century of mining activity has left quiet testimony in the many ghost towns that dot this landscape. Many of these places will be included in our trip schedule at the 2016 convention. Quite often, you can combine a cave trip with a side visit to a ghost town in the same excursion.
Nevada encourages visitors in this land to venture off the beaten path to discover what makes our state truly special. The 2016 convention staff plans to nurture this spirit of discovery in every possible way.
75th Anniversary Convention Video
The year 2016 marks the 75th anniversary of the National Speleological Society. Our responsibility to produce a truly amazing convention has been the focus of our efforts over the last several years. Respecting the heritage and ethic of the NSS is integrally woven into the production plans we are pursuing.
While milestone events tend to focus on retrospectives, we also plan to gaze forward into the future of caving. Some of the sessions in development for the 2016 convention will speculate on where speleology may go over the next 75 years. Of course, we'll also deliver the sessions that cavers have endorsed and come to expect at NSS conventions. Covering topics from geology to exploration to artistic presentations, the 2016 convention hopes to offer something for everyone in our wide family of cavers.
From the "anything goes" attitude in our social events to the wide-open expanse of accessible public lands, Nevada embraces the call of the frontier and the promise of the west.
Above all else, this state knows two subjects very well: geology and recreation. We can't think of a better place to host the 75th anniversary of the National Speleological Society!
Please join us from July 16-23, 2016 in Ely, Nevada as we celebrate our past 75 years and look forward into the future of caving.
Welcome to the Great Basin of the American West!
Partly cloudy. A stray shower or thunderstorm is possible. High 54F. Winds S at 10 to 15 mph.
Cloudy skies early will become partly cloudy later at night. A stray shower or thunderstorm is possible. Low 33F. Winds SSW at 5 to 10 mph.
Partly cloudy early with thunderstorms becoming likely during the afternoon. High 51F. Winds SW at 5 to 10 mph. Chance of rain 80%.
Last updated on
Tue, 24-May 2:10 am
Great Basin National Park is home to Lexington Arch, one of the largest limestone arches in the western United States. This six-story arch was created by the forces of weather working slowly over the span of centuries. This type of above ground limestone arch is rare.
Selenite, satin spar, desert rose, and gypsum flower are four varieties of the mineral gypsum; all four varieties show obvious crystalline structure. The four "crystalline" varieties of gypsum are sometimes grouped together and called selenite. All varieties, including selenite and alabaster, are composed of calcium sulfate dihydrate (meaning it has two molecules of water), with the chemical formula CaSO4 2H2O. Selenite contains no significant selenium. The similarity of names comes from both substances being named from the Ancient Greek word for the Moon.
Formed as an evaporative mineral, gypsum is frequently found in alkaline lake muds, clay beds, evaporated seas, salt flats, salt springs, and caves. Gypsum occurs on every continent and is the most common of all the sulfate minerals.